Rabinarayan Panda, Odisha
Bhubaneswar 22/04 : Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), cuttack, have developed three new high-yielding varieties of rice for different farming condition. Scientists of CRRI invented the new paddy seeds, CR Dhan 205, CR Dhan 306 and CRR 451, were recently identified by central variety identification committee under the ministry of agriculture for release. “The committee gave its approval for release of the three new varieties last week. These have been developed keeping in mind the changing climatic conditions and requirements of different states,” said CRRI director Trilochan Mohapatra.
These three new varieties were tested in different parts of the country. Field test held under various climatic conditions for three years by scientists of Central Rice Research Institute. CRRI have developed 110 varieties of rice since 1946 for welfare of nation and farmer.
The CR Dhan 205 is suitable for Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Gujarat, which have serious irrigation problem. It can grow under water-deficiency conditions and yield 5.3 to 5.8 tons a hectare. It will go up to 8 tons a hectare under favorable conditions. It takes only 110 days to mature and can endure strong winds.
“It requires 70% less water than traditional varieties. It is best for rain-fed Balangir and Kalahandi districts in Odisha,” said principal scientist of CRRI S K Pradhan.
CR Dhan 306 is suitable for irrigated areas and has been recommended for Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Puducherry. The variety takes only 125 days to mature and yields 6 tons per a hectare.
The CRR 451 matures in 95 days and is best suitable for Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. The long thin grain will help traditional tribal farmers for their roof and it will ensure better profits to farmers. The rice variety is resistant to leaf blast disease and also tolerant to drought-like situation. On an average, it yields 3.5 to 4 tons a hectare.
Farmers of coastal region will benefit by growing short-duration and drought-tolerant rice varieties.