Wednesday, 03 September 2014 | JS Rajput

Picking up a boy from the roadside, Chanakya could mould him into a Chandragupta. We need Chanakyas in our educational system; the Chandraguptas will be found thereafter. For this to happen, the system of education must reform


S Radhakrishnan, the philosopher-statesman was an unparalleled scholar of religions. He was a world teacher who had studied Indian philosophy and the scriptures so thoroughly that everyone was reverentially impressed. His addresses in Oxford and Birmingham, in Manchester and Liverpool, brought this observation from an Oxford daily: “Though the Indian preacher had the marvellous power to weave a magic web of thought, imagination and language, the real greatness of his sermon resides in some indefinable spiritual quality which arrests attention, moves the heart and lifts us in to an ampler air.”

According to Radhakrishnan, philosophy, a great instrument of liberal education, aims at “elevating man above worldliness, of making him superior to circumstances, of liberating his spirit from the thralldom of material things… If properly pursued, it arms us against failure, sorrow and calamity, boredom and discouragement. It may not perhaps prepare us for success if we mean by it accumulation of material wealth. But it helps us to love those aims and ideals, the things beyond all price, on which the generality of men who aim at success do not set their hearts. To form men is the object of philosophy.”

One could safely state it is also the objective of the philosophy of education, or, in still terms, it is the objective of the entire process of teaching and learning, the education. Recall Swami Vivekananda who used to say: “Man-making is my mission! Every civilisation, every country has produced luminaries and great persons, but that alone does not guarantee the greatness of that country or civilisation. The fate and future of every country is decided by how great, accomplished, acculturated and illuminated are the common people of that country. They decide, and determine their own fate! Functional democracies, even with rampant inadequacies, have repeatedly established this.”

And who prepares committed, dexterous, determined, morally strong and ethically emancipated generations? The teacher. That is why the entire humanity respects most the teacher from amongst them. India celebrates it on September 5 every year. Globally, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization celebrates it on October 5 each year. It is customary to remember one’s teachers, reflect the role of teachers in lives of individual and the nation, in nurturing of human values, democratic values and establishing the criticality of morality in human life. The role articulation of the teacher in different civilisations has indicates a symphony of perception that is philosophically consistent and similar, if not the same, in principle.

In actual practice, it changes everywhere depending upon the changes in the world outside the institutional boundaries. Our philosophy tells us that permanence belongs to eternity alone and unceasing change is the rule of life. Traditionally, the teacher has been the observer of the change; he analysed change in the specific context, and guided the society in accepting the one that fitted in its dynamic advancement and cultural context, rejecting the rest, that may be relevant elsewhere but not everywhere. The new impactors of change have directly reached every home and hearth. Is the role of teacher has been restricted only to the classroom and coaching institutions with a single point objective of preparing the learner to score highest marks in the ensuing board examination?

In the current context, one finds considerable contrast and confusion that prevail in the system of education as to what do we expect from teachers. Take two examples: Ragging in the well-known Scindia School Gwalior that has sent a bright young boy in the state of coma. There would be some formalities, some action and activity but eventually no one would get exemplary punishment. Three children were found dead in Maharashtra, and it is widely believed that their death was a consequence of an environment of terror in the school and the thrashing that the low-scoring students were regularly awarded by the teachers.

A Minister of a State has already justified thrashing in schools — what is wrong in it? Every day, one gets a couple of reports on corporal punishment inflicted on young children resulting in serious injuries to young ones. And not every classroom could be put under watch. If a public school, with no lack of resources, just cannot care to prevent ragging in spite of the strict directives of the Supreme Court, the work culture must be seriously, and sickeningly, deficient in certain aspects. How could the management be unaware of the obnoxious practice? How could another school permit corporal punishment on regular basis and not take the responsibility of the tragic loss of three lives?

While there are innumerable instances that disappoint, there are islands of hope, created by the teachers visible throughout the country. These repose our faith in the future of India. In India practically every teacher teaches in a multi-religious class and knows how important it is to let every child know how precious he/she is to him.

In a school in Srinagar, around 1947-1948, young Som Nath Saraf came to school after about two weeks. “Where were you, Som”, asked the maulavi sahib. The feeble response from the young child, “My mother expired”, brought maulavi sahib to his seat. He lifted him in his arms and said: “Now onwards, I am your mother.” It transformed the life of SN Saraf, who rose to great heights in education, retired as the Chief of Education in the Planning Commission, and made significant contribution to ‘Values in Education’.

Every person could enumerate instances that glorify the teacher as the transformer of the individual fortunes.  Picking up a boy from the roadside, Chanakya could mould him into a Chandragupta. Teachers’ Day is the time to realise how teachers of today can revitalise the fight against corruption and erosion of values all around. They have to prepare men and women of courage, confidence and character. 2014 is the year of hope, of dreams being fulfilled, of the nation marching ahead in unison to greater heights. Success would primarily depend on how teachers accept the challenge. Only teachers in schools and colleges can strengthen social cohesion and religious amity, the two basic pillars on which India shall progress ahead.


Surprise is a tactic, not a strategy



August 21, 2014 02:47 IST

Modi has mystified, misled and surprised Pakistan, even giving the impression that he still regards the country as an enemy to defeat, not as a neighbour he wishes to resolve issues with


In March this year, members of the Pakistani establishment laid out the red carpet for an unusual visitor. The gentleman, who will not be named, was an envoy of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), an overseas supporter of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and was said to be carrying a message from Narendra Modi. As a result, the visitor was hosted to lunch by the Foreign Affairs Adviser Sartaj Aziz and the Foreign Office India desk, met with Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s key adviser Tariq Fatemi, and was even invited to the Army General Headquarters.

The message he carried was simple: that once elected, the BJP government would pursue talks and push business engagement with Pakistan. He indicated that an invitation would be sent shortly after Mr. Modi took over, to set the ball rolling. There was, however, a rider. If there was a terror attack, said the RSS envoy, one like Mumbai 26/11 that could be traced back to Pakistan, their hands would be tied. A counter-attack on some part of Pakistan-controlled territory would be inevitable.

Buoyant relations 

Despite the rough rider, Pakistan’s leadership was pleased by the reach out. There are many reasons why Pakistan’s elite and military establishment, the two constituencies that decide policy on India, looked favourably towards Mr. Modi’s win. To begin with, a BJP government has proven easier to deal with in the past, and less worried about ‘domestic opinion’ and a tough opposition than the Congress has been. After all, former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was able to invite General Pervez Musharraf to the Agra summit less than two years after the two countries fought the Kargil war, when Pakistan’s stock was at its lowest in India. Second, the BJP government was able to ‘deliver’ more than the Congress did. Much in the way the Indian establishment has found it easier to get concrete outcomes from Pakistan’s military rulers, Pakistan’s establishment believes that ‘right-wingers’ deliver what moderates in India are unable to do. Finally, while they may not openly admit to it, Pakistan’s establishment welcomes Mr. Modi and the BJP as it helps keep its own constituencies in check with fears of a right-wing ‘Hindu nationalist’ government next door.

Mr.. Modi was as good as the envoy’s word, and, within a day of winning the elections, had proffered the invitation to all SAARC neighbours. The invitation went down in Indian history, and became a part of global parlance, for the boldness of the move and the all-round praise it received. Many were surprised but everyone lauded the initiative calling it a masterstroke, a strategy with vision.

The Prime Minister’s subsequent talks with Mr. Sharif, while short, made for good optics in both countries, especially given the follow-up letters between the two Prime Ministers and the gifts that were exchanged: a sari and a shawl for their mothers. Relations were so buoyant that when an Indian journalist appeared in Islamabad and wanted to know what the reaction to Mr. Modi’s visit to Pakistan would be, officials were convinced that he too was an envoy carrying a message from the Indian Prime Minister. The journalist, V.P. Vaidik, didn’t just get to meet all of Pakistan’s top leadership; he was even cleared to meet with 26/11 mastermind, a man on America’s most-wanted list, Hafiz Saeed. Access to Mr. Saeed, as any Pakistani journalist would tell you, is strictly monitored by the Inter-Services Intelligence itself, and any visit to his home in Lahore would need the highest security clearance. Even if the Pakistani government was mystified by his mission, they were too delighted by the prospect of Mr. Modi’s visit to say so.

Mr.. Modi continued to surprise Pakistan’s government, but in a good way, for the next two months. He had chosen not to react when the Indian mission in Herat was attacked just before Mr. Sharif’s visit, despite indicators that the ISI-backed Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) was behind it. When he visited Srinagar in July, he didn’t mention ceasefire violations along the Line of Control during his address to jawans. And his government didn’t react when, at a press conference, Pakistani High Commissioner Abdul Basit ruled out prosecuting LeT founder Mr. Saeed for the Mumbai attacks on the basis of India’s evidence. Instead, diplomats and officials worked hard at bilateral proposals between the two countries. Trade concessions were on the anvil, selling much-needed power to Pakistan was a deliverable, and LNG and fuel pipelines were being discussed.

It wasn’t just the Pakistan government that was surprised; most in the Indian government and many of Mr. Modi’s supporters were also surprised that the tough-talking prime ministerial candidate had now been replaced by the subcontinental leader who spoke of defeating the common enemy of poverty, and of rejecting talk of “killing and dying.” The Prime Minister’s strategy was taking shape, and his attention on the neighbourhood was giving it focus. In the past three months, Mr. Modi and his External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj have spent more time visiting and speaking about the region than perhaps any previous government has. Mr. Modi travelled to Bhutan and Nepal, while also sending Ms Swaraj to Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar. In the next few months, she will also visit Sri Lanka. Mr. Modi is expected to meet with Mr. Sharif once again in New York on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly. Therefore, when it was announced that the Foreign Secretaries would meet in Islamabad on August 25, it seemed in line with Mr. Modi’s grander strategy of squiring a new future for the entire neighbourhood, one that would be launched at the SAARC summit in November in Kathmandu.

Cancelling talks

As a result, the decision to cancel those talks over the Pakistan High Commissioner’s talks with Hurriyat leaders has raised a very big question mark over more than just those talks. If the Foreign Secretaries were meeting to lay the ground for the Modi-Sharif talks in New York next month, does that mean the Prime Ministers will not meet? Have the trade deals and the energy plans discussed so far, not to mention the entire peace process, been cancelled? Will three months of visible strategy, and all the meetings and attempts to reach out in the months preceding the elections be overturned by this decision? Should Bangladesh and Nepal, who have critical bilateral agreements with India on land, power and water, due to be cleared in the next few months, worry about a similarly abrupt reversal in decisions? Finally, which is the version of Mr. Modi’s foreign policy vision that is the real template for the world to engage with?

“Mystify, mislead and surprise the enemy,” wrote Chinese warrior Sun Tzu in The Art of War. With his move, Mr. Modi has certainly done all three, even giving the impression that he still regards Pakistan as an enemy to defeat and not as a neighbour he wishes to resolve issues with. Sun Tzu may have other things to say about a policy that mystifies and confounds everyone else as well. Surprise in such cases can at best only be a tactic in foreign policy, not a long-term strategy.



Smriti Irani’s political ascent is not cosmetic


Tufail Ahmad
August 15, 2014



Union HRD minister Smriti Irani is in the news again. But as our chaiwallah-turned-prime minister unfurled the national flag from the Red Fort on August 15, it is relevant for critics to bear in mind that Indian democracy was designed to engineer the rise of the common man. Indian lawmakers who rise from humble origins may not possess college degrees and might not be intellectually equipped to answer brainy questions from journalists educated at the universities of Delhi and Yale.

Democracy rose through 5th-4th centuries BC when the Athenians revolted against their tyrants and established their own rule, but as a system of government it was soon lost. Through the 16th and 19th centuries, a movement of democratic ideas known as Enlightenment flourished in Europe, giving birth to the American and French revolutions. In his book Revolution of the Mind, Jonathan Israel observes that the Enlightenment was “quintessentially defined by its insistence on full freedom of thought, expression, and the Press, and by identifying democracy as the best form of government”.

The architects of the Indian Republic — Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and BR Ambedkar — were “greatly influenced by the ideas associated with the age of Enlightenment in Europe,” noted the then prime minister, Manmohan Singh, at Oxford in 2005. The architects wrote an array of rights and freedoms into the Constitution, which is birthing a new species of Indians; Smriti Irani is their type. It is the sheer beauty of democracy that Indians from below are rising. Smriti, who sold cosmetics at Janpath and whose mother was a housekeeper at the Taj Mansingh Hotel, spoke as a political scientist: “My message is that a girl selling cosmetics can become a Cabinet minister in this country.”

If you studied politics, that sentence could have come from the 19th century French writer Alexis de Tocqueville, who grasped American democracy in profound ways. “We the people,” the opening words of the Indian Constitution are borrowed from the US Constitution. When Ambedkar’s team wrote the Constitution, it created a new country out of the Enlightenment ideas. On May 20, Modi, arriving for the first time, bowed before Parliament and spoke: “It is the power of our Constitution that a poor person belonging to a poor and deprived family is standing here today. This is the power of our Constitution and hallmark of our democratic elections.”

As democracy matures, it strikes at the hereditary sources of power. In future, Indian democracy will propel milkmen, drivers and mechanics to power frequently; they will make mistakes and might not differentiate a degree from a certificate. India’s tainted political class needs to treat them with humility and respect their life’s journeys through which they overcome inherited handicaps to become the wheels of the Republic. At the India Today Woman Summit 2014, Smriti reiterated her oath to uphold the Constitution. Birthed by Indian democracy, the former cosmetics girl is freedom’s daughter.Smriti Irani

If Smriti erred in her affidavits, it was a legal mistake and can be dealt with by the courts — or by our large hearts. The media is haranguing her because she belongs to the opposite political camp, is telegenic  and speaks fluent English. A debate centred on degrees obscures her achievements. The television series she acted in are worth PhDs in sociology. Her life’s trajectory through the rigours of politics is inspiring. It is time a British university handed her an honourary doctorate in recognition of her life’s experience as an actress and lawmaker.

India has entered a transformative moment: Its democracy is engendering multiple turning points in the life of the aam aadmi. Indian democracy’s first half century nurtured institutions of governance, the next half will cement the aam aadmi’s sovereignty over its political institutions.

Tufail Ahmad is director of the South Asia Studies Project at the Middle East Media Research Institute, Washington DC

Threat of Radical Islam

Balbir Punj

Published: 09th August 2014 06:00 AM


Islamic radicalism is on rise the world over, and India is no exception. The riots of Muzaffarnagar and Moradabad are still fresh in our minds. Last Tuesday, newspapers carried reports from Meerut of kidnappings of girls, forcibly marrying them to Muslim youngsters, their conversion and turning them into victims of human trafficking in order to enlist them in Islamist jihad in the Gulf region with the lure of jobs in Dubai.

And yet another report appeared last Thursday on newspapers about the conversion and marriage of a minor Hindu girl belonging to Loni in Ghaziabad district of Uttar Pradesh to a 24-year-Muslim boy. As usual, the police was reluctant to act in the beginning. The dailies from the national capital exposed a part of the conspiracy in a detailed report from Meerut.

In Sarawa village (Meerut), an FIR has been registered after a Hindu part-time teacher of a madarsa was abducted from her residence, held captive in Mustafa colony, Muzaffarnagar, for days, repeatedly raped, then forcible converted, married and locked up along with many other girls similarly. The girl alleged that all this was a part of the operation to take the hapless girls first to Pakistan and then to Dubai to be enrolled in the Islamist rebel groups marauding Syria and Iraq.

The “secular media” and the communalised administration, rather than investigating the substance of the grave allegations by the affected girl, have been busy picking holes in the victim’s version to dilute the seriousness of the sordid incident.

The Uttar Pradesh police, in order to rubbish the victim’s story, said they did not find any Hindu girls in forced confinement when they raided Sultania madarsa. Do you seriously expect the criminals to leave any evidence intact after the details of the crime have become public?

The chain of events in the victim’s words is: “When Ramzan started, again they started trapping me. I was taken to a madarsa in Hapur on July 23 where I was gangraped and got pregnant. They did an ultrasound and got me operated on. I was taken to another madarsa in Muzaffarnagar on July 30 where an old woman would beat me up and feed me cow meat. There were other girls too… They made someone else sign on an affidavit that claimed I had become Muslim and changed my name to Jannat. They got a cleric who gave the girls a book called Aapki Amanat Aapki Seva, written by one Kalam Siddiqui. It was about Hindu girls converting to Islam.”

In last year’s Muzaffarnagar riots the trigger was provided when a Hindu schoolgoing girl was molested by someone in a community’s stronghold area while passing through it. How could several Hindu girls—as newspaper reports say based on a statement by the victim who managed to escape and get back home—be pushed into such a situation and trafficked to join Islamist militants in faraway Gulf countries?

The long-time suspicion of a well-planned conspiracy to utilise “Love jihad” as a terrorist weapon against this country has now surfaced with all its ugly face. Earlier, there were some reports of this nature from Kerala and Hyderabad but no effective action was taken by the state police under the influence of the Congress/ Marxists-led governments as the case may be under their appeasement policy.

Even now, days after the event all that the UP administration has done is a mere police step of arresting some of the accused and being on the look out for others. There is a total refusal to look at the core of the problem. As expected, the UP government is not reading the riot act to the madarsa people who have made this girl and others detained along with her to sign affidavits to get a legal cover for their activities.

For the UP government it is merely a case of abduction and rape. The forcible conversions, etc. are not crimes in its eye. How can it be otherwise when the party running this government has a history of kowtowing to Muslim orthodoxy and ignoring forcible conversions?

The state government refuses to perceive the larger picture of what is happening in its own backyard, let alone in the rest of the globe. Recruitment for the international jihadi campaign through a combination of allurements, ideological brainwashing and abductions if the other two do not work, marrying abducted girls to Muslims and then forcibly converting them to give a legal cover to their detention in select places, brainwashing to believe in the jihadist violence, etc. is evident if the administration is prepared to look beyond its nose.

Only a few days ago a noted Muslim cleric right in Lucknow openly called for preparing a five lakh strong “army” of Sunni Muslim youngsters from India to join the international jihad to be supported by Saudi Arabia. Days have passed, nothing has been done to stop such appeals.

The man who has made such an appeal remains free and not even an FIR has been slapped against him, whereas even an obscene photo posted on the social network can under our laws get you into a prison. This cleric’s appeal was made in the open. In fact by making this appeal he was daring the state or testing the waters on how far the establishment would go while the local jihadis were conspiring and implementing plans to drag their community wholesale into a foreign-inspired and funded war that is against India as well.

Uttar Pradesh is not alone. Other so-called secular party-led governments are no less guilty. In Maharashtra it has come out in the open that several Muslim young men have gone abroad and joined the jihadi warmakers in Iraq.

Has the Maharashtra government done anything since the report about many persons from Thane joining the Iraqi rebels? Nothing.

Even if the states run by self-styled secular governments refuse to act when the international context clearly link such incidents to a global threat to non-Muslim (and even among Muslim, to non-Sunni) governments, can the Centre merely watch from the sidelines?

Muzaffarnagar, Moradabad, Shamli—the list of spots where riots are engineered by the jihadi elements go on lengthening even as moves to build an ideological wave in favour of jihad within India as much as within the Gulf, north African and even European countries, in Russia and China and elsewhere are on.

Latest is the ISI-sponsored use of the Rohingya refugee Muslims from Burma in India to spread both ideology and organise terror modules. A national action plan against this renewed jihadi threat needs to be designed and implemented.

The author is national vice president, BJP.


धर्म निरपेक्षता बनाम सर्वधर्म समभाव

Umesh Upadhyay
कॉंग्रेस के वरिष्ठ नेता ए के एंटोनी की हिम्मत की दाद देनी चाहिए कि उन्होने माना कि सेकुलरवाद को लेकर कॉंग्रेस को अपना रास्ता ठीक करने की ज़रूरत है। उन्होने कहा कि लोग समझते हैं कि कॉंग्रेस एक तरफ बहुत झुक गई है। बात सही और खरी है। वैसे ये तो उसी दिन साफ हो गया था जिस दिन तत्कालीन प्रधानमंत्री डा मनमोहन सिंह ने कहा था कि “देश के संसाधनों पर पहला हक़ अल्पसंख्यकों का है।“ मगर देर आयद दुरुस्त आयद। अब भी अगर कॉंग्रेस बेबाकी से इसकी परख करेगी तो ये पार्टी के साथ साथ देश के लिए भी अच्छा होगा। कॉंग्रेस देश की बड़ी पार्टी है। उसकी सोच और चिंतन में विकृति देश के लिए घातक है। इसलिए एंटोनी का ये बयान महत्वपूर्ण है।
दरससल “धर्म निरपेक्षता” शब्द ही सही नहीं है। पश्चिमी देशों में चर्च को राज्य और शासन से अलग करने के संदर्भ में “सेकुलरवाद” की सोच आई। मगर उसे “धर्मनिरपेक्ष” कहकर पश्चिम प्रेरित भारतीय बुद्धिजीवियों ने उसका अनर्थ ही कर डाला। जिसकी व्याख्या राजनेताओं ने अवसर के अनुसार अल्पसंख्यकों को भरमाने के लिए की। और यह वोट की राजनीति का एक बड़ा औज़ार बन गया। जिसने इस शब्द या सोच पर बहस की बात की उसे “सांप्रदायिक” लेबल चिपकाकर एक तरह से बहिष्कृत कर दिया गया। नेहरुवादियों और वामपंथी बुद्धिजीवियों ने ऐसी सोच रखने वालों को देश के अकादमिक, सांस्कृतिक और चिंतन-मनन के सभी उपक्रमों से बाहर रखने में कोई कोर कसर नहीं छोड़ी। जीवित व्यक्तियों की बात तो अलग इन लोगों ने देश के संत कवियों और साहित्यकारों का भी वर्गीकरण कर दिया। और इनके अनुसार कबीर सेकुलरवादी और तुलसी सांप्रदायिक हो गए !! भारतीय मनीषा में ऐसी सोच कभी नहीं रही। राजनीतिक और अकादमिक अश्पृश्यता का ये खेल खूब चला। लेकिन इसकी परिणति हुई 2014 के चुनाव में जबकि देश ने इन सबको नकार दिया।
जिस देश की परम्पराएँ, शिक्षा-संस्कार, नैतिक मूल्य, समाज व्यवहार, सांस्कृतिक कार्यक्रम और यहाँ तक कि लोगों की दिनचर्या धर्म से प्रेरित होती हो; जो देश दुनिया के ज़्यादातर धर्मों का जनक हो; जहां अन्तरिक्ष में रॉकेट छोड़ने से पहले नारियल तोड़ा जाता हो यानि तकरीबन सब कुछ धर्म आधारित हो वहाँ राजनीति और राजकाज क्या धर्म से निरपेक्ष हो सकता है? इस सोच और शब्द ने हमारे जीवन और व्यवहार में एक तरह का दोहरापन पैदा कर दिया है। एक तरफ धर्म में गहरी आस्था और दूसरी तरफ उन सब संस्कारों और रिवाजों को आडंबर मानने का उपक्रम जो धार्मिक अस्थाओं से पैदा होते हैं।
आप माने या न माने भारत में खुली सोच, बहुलवादी विचारों को मान्यता, लोकतान्त्रिकता – ये सब बहुसंख्यक हिन्दू विचार, जीवन शैली और तात्विक दर्शन से ही निकलते है। ये देखना ज़रूरी है कि क्या हिन्दू सोच में धर्म पूजा पद्यति का प्रतीक है? नहीं, यह जीवन दर्शन और मूल्यों का प्रतीक हैं। गीता में कृष्ण अर्जुन को एक योद्धा का धर्म समझाते हैं न कि पूजापाठ का तरीका। गांधी ने इसे सही पहचाना था। सोचने की बात है कि जब वे रामराज्य की बात करते थे क्या वह बहुसंख्यकों का शासन चाहते थे? इसलिए भारत में धर्म से अलग न तो कुछ ,न हो सकता है। क्योंकि धर्म का मतलब है जीवन शैली। इसलिए यहाँ सबकुछ धार्मिक है। पूजा पद्यतियों को धर्म से अलग कर के देखने की ज़रूरत है।
और अगर आप सहूलियत के लिए मौटे मौटे तौर पर धर्म को भी हिन्दू, इस्लाम और ईसाईयत के नज़रिये से देखना ही चाहते है तो भी धर्म निरपेक्षता एक सही विचार नहीं। इसकी जगह होना चाहिए “सर्व धर्म सम भाव” यानि राजा का कर्तव्य या धर्म है कि वे अलग अलग मजहबों में यकीन करने वाले नागरिकों को एक समान भाव से देखे। इसके आधार पर किसी की साथ कोई भेदभाव न हो। सबको समान अवसर मिलें। कोई ईश्वर को किस रूप में देखता है और पूजता है, इसके आधार पर सरकार उससे अलग व्यवहार न करें।
सोचिए, अल्पसंख्यकों को सिर्फ और सिर्फ एक इकठ्ठा वोट समूह मानकर सबसे बड़ा छल और धोखा तो उनके साथ ही किया गया। सिर्फ कॉंग्रेस ही नहीं, सेकुलरवादी तमगा लगाए अनेक दलों ने ऐसा ही किया। अल्पसंख्यकों खासकर मुसलमानों को एक तरफ तो एक झुनझुना दिखाया जाता रहा और दूसरी तरफ उन्हें डराया जाता रहा। “हमें वोट दो नहीं तो……….. (मोदी) आ जाएगा।“ इसका ताज़ा उदाहरण हैं महाराष्ट्र सरकार द्वारा मुसलमानों को आरक्षण का झुनझुना। सब जानते हैं कि देश के कानून और संविधान के अनुसार ये नहीं हो सकता। मगर हर दल दूसरे से ज़्यादा धरम निरपेक्ष दिखने के लिए एक और ज़्यादा से ज़्यादा झुका दिखना चाहता है। एंटोनी की राय इसलिए बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है।
ज़रूरत है कि इस पर देश में एक खुली और बेबाक बहस हो। हमें पश्चिम से ली गई बनावटी धर्म निरपेक्षता चाहिए या सहज और स्वाभाविक तौर पर हमारी सोच में बसा विचार- सर्व धर्म समभाव – यानि सबके साथ समान व्यवहार। सबको आगे बढ्ने के समान अवसर। तरक्की सबके साथ और इसमें सबका साथ और सहभागिता। संसाधनों पर किसी का पहला हक़ नहीं बल्कि साझा हक़। चूंकि कॉंग्रेस के एक अल्पसंख्यक नेता ने ये बात कही है तो इस पर बहस हो भी सकती है। नहीं तो अबतक ना जाने कितना हो हल्ला हो गया होता। कॉंग्रेस से इसकी शुरुआत होगी यह भी उचित है क्योंकि देश भर में 44 सीटें मिलने के बाद उसे आत्मविश्लेषण की बेहद ज़रूरत है।

उमेश उपाध्याय
2 जुलाई 14

Vietnam wants India to ‘rise quickly’ in region

Concerned over China’s assertiveness, Vietnam wants India to ‘rise quickly’ in region

Quy said there was not much clarity in the Obama administration. “That is why we want India should rise quickly. We have great expectations from India,” he said.

PTI | May 10, 2014, 07.33 PM IST


Concerned over China’s assertiveness, Vietnam wants India to ‘rise quickly’ in region

In this Sunday May 4, 2014 image made from video released by Vietnam Coast Guard, a Chinese coast guard vessel, right, fires water cannon at a Vietnamese vessel off the coast of Vietnam. (AP Photo)

MELBOURNE: Concerned over China’s assertiveness in the South China sea, Vietnam wants India to “rise quickly” in the region.

“We are deeply concerned by Chinese assertiveness in the South China sea. The Chinese navy is acting without provocation. These decisions seem to be taken by the Chinese leadership at the highest level,” said Ambassador Dang Dinh Quy, president of Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam (DAV).

Quy said there was not much clarity in the Obama administration. “That is why we want India should rise quickly. We have great expectations from India,” he said.

The remarks were made at a round table meeting of DAV held here on Saturday.

DAV is said to carry out strategic research in international relations and foreign policy, as well as serve as a think-tank for foreign policy for the ministry of foreign affairs, the party and the state.

The meeting was held for the delegates to share information with Australian scholars around regional security issues such as US-China relations, maritime issues in the Indo pacific region and discuss more broadly Australia’s engagement with Asia.

Reacting to DAV president’s comment, Australia-India Institute inaugural director Amitabh Mattoo said: “Chinese assertiveness is bordering on aggressiveness and there seems to be a pattern to Chinese Maritime behaviour.”

Clearly, Beijing believes that its time has come and it wants to exercise hegemony over the whole region. But this behaviour is short sighted and counter productive, he said.

Mattoo said China was losing the trust of its neighbours and losing all friends.

“Outside North Korea and Pakistan, there is not even one state that is not concerned by Chinese foreign policy behaviour,” he added.

The murder of linguistic history — II


Read any textbook for children and you will be told that the word ‘Urdu’ means ‘military camp’ or ‘cantonment’ in Turkish.

While the word Ordo — from which comes the English word ‘horde’ — does, indeed, mean ‘military camp’ in Turkish, this is not the only name for the ancestor of the language we now call Urdu. Indeed, the oldest name for this common ancestor of both present-day Urdu and Hindi was Hindi, Hindvi and sometimes Hindui.

…. The term ‘Hindi’ was not used only for the ancestor of modern Hindi and Urdu. It was used vaguely by Persian writers for all languages of India (Hind).

By Dr Tariq Rahman

Published: July 23, 2011


The writer is Distinguished National Professor Emeritus of Linguistic History tariq.rahman@tribune.com.pk

Read any textbook for children and you will be told that the word ‘Urdu’ means ‘military camp’ or ‘cantonment’ in Turkish. The inference will be that Urdu is a military language (lashkari zuban). This is explained further in some books by the supposition that Urdu was born in the Mughal military camps, where soldiers speaking different languages came together for martial purposes.211064-DrTariqRahmanNew-1310828381-158-640x480

While the word Ordo — from which comes the English word ‘horde’ — does, indeed, mean ‘military camp’ in Turkish, this is not the only name for the ancestor of the language we now call Urdu. Indeed, the oldest name for this common ancestor of both present-day Urdu and Hindi was Hindi, Hindvi and sometimes Hindui. For those who want to know the details of this should read chapter two of my book From Hindi to Urdu: A social and Political History (OUP, 2011). For others, let me give an outline of what schoolchildren are never told.

The term ‘Hindi’ was not used only for the ancestor of modern Hindi and Urdu. It was used vaguely by Persian writers for all languages of India (Hind). Even today, the census of India uses it in two ways: First, for Sanskritised Hindi, which is the modern, Sanskritised form of Khari Boli, patronised officially in India. And, secondly, for all the area-bound varieties (dialects) of the Hindi belt such as Awadhi, Braj, Bhasha, Bhojpuri etc.

So, after reading many sources, it emerges that the ancestor of Urdu and Hindi was called by the following names: Hindi, Hindvi (13th-19th century); Dehlavi (13th-14th c.); Gujri (15th c.); Dakhani (15th-18th c.); Indostan (17th c.); Moors (18th c.); Rekhta (18th-19th c.); Hindustani (18th-20th c.).

The term Urdu to refer to this language was first used, at least in existing written records, in 1780 by poet Ghulam Hamadani Mushafi (1750-1824). Before Mushafi, the term Zuban-e-Urdu-e-Mualla (the language of the Exalted City) was used for the Persianised language of the Mughal capitals Agra and Delhi.

Later the term was shortened to only ‘Urdu’. Let us also remember that the word ‘Urdu’ in the Persian sources of India did not mean ‘military camp’ but only ‘city,’ and generally the capital city of the empire. Its origin is not military but urban; not soldiering but urbanisation and sophistication; not the battlefield but the hustle and bustle of life, especially life in the courts of kings.

All living languages pick up new words just as we have witnessed with English words — brake, accelerator, clutch, thermometer etc — becoming a part of all our languages. In the same way, all the varieties of a large language stretching all the way from Peshawar to Behar picked up Persian, Arabic and some Turkish words when the Turkish, Pathans and Iranian soldiers, merchants, holy men, scholars, poets, adventurers and bureaucrats came to India. It is my guess that some variety around Delhi (Khari Boli) picked up more such words than others and was taken by the functionaries of the state to Gujrat, Deccan, the urban centres of Awadh and other areas. It is this language which was called by the different names given above. We know about these names because scholars used them. Amir Khusrau (1253-1325) did not call all languages ‘Hindi’. He mentions Sindhi, Lahori (Punjabi), Kashmiri and nine other languages but mentions Hindi as the language around Delhi since ancient times. Abul Fazal, writing in 1590, mentions many languages, including one of Delhi.

The terms ‘Indostan’ and ‘Moors’ were used by Englishmen in India. English traveller Edward Terry, who came to India in 1615, called it the popular language of the Mughal Empire. And popular it must have been because in Kuniguram, Waziristan, Bayazid Ansari (1526-1574) wrote a religious book called Khairul Bayan around 1560 in four languages: Arabic, Persian, Afghan (Pashto) and Hindi. This ‘Hindi’ is written in the Perso-Arabic script and can be understood by anyone who can understand Urdu and Hindi.

The term ‘Moors’ was used by Englishman and one called George Hadley wrote a grammar of it in 1772. But both these terms went out of fashion and the British commonly used the term ‘Hindustani’ for the language which they wrote in the Devanagari, Perso-Arabic and the Roman (English) scripts. Indeed, the army even had a newspaper for soldiers and also orders were given to soldiers in the Roman script.

Similarly the terms ‘Gujri’, ‘Dakhini’ and ‘Rekhta’ went out of fashion by the late 18th century. Hindustani was recorded in British census reports and used by Englishmen in India but disappeared after 1947 as Urdu and Hindi took its place.

Nowadays we use the term ‘Urdu’ for Persianised Khari Boli written in the Perso-Arabic script and Hindi for Sanskritised Khari Boli written in the Devanagari script.

But when we give the false history of the name of ‘Urdu’ from Turkish and call it a military language, we are not only just plain wrong, but also divisive and anti-peace. Instead, let us teach our children that, despite this name, Urdu does not have a military origin.

In India, as Shamsur Rahman Faruqi, one of the greatest scholars of Urdu literature, points out, this myth creates a feeling of guilt in the Urdu-speaking community. That is why Syed Sulaiman Nadvi wanted the name Urdu, which is the latest name for this language, to be abandoned even in 1939 when he wanted the Muslims and Hindus to unite to obtain freedom.

But the name cannot be abandoned now. It is invested with the emotion and love of about two centuries. What is possible is that people should be told that the ancestor of present-day Urdu and Hindi was one and it had many names. That, for at least five hundred years, this ancestor was mostly called ‘Hindi’— even when it was also called Dehlavi, Gujri, Dakhini, Rekhta etc — and that the Persianisation and Sanskritisation of it occurred during the 18th and the 19th centuries respectively.

Published in The Express Tribune, July 24th, 2011.

Abstract of speech (Translated from Hindi) given by P.P.Sarsanghchalak Mohanji Bhagwat on the Occasion of Shri Vijayadashami-2013

Mohanji At Nagpur Vijaya Dashami utshavRashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
Abstract of speech (Translated from Hindi) given by P.P.Sarsanghchalak Man.
Mohanji Bhagwat on the Occasion of Shri Vijayadashami-2013 (Sunday 13th Oct.)
The Navami is celebrated all over Bharatavarsha offering worship to Goddess Sakthi and weapons.
Dasami is known as the day for Seemolanghan, i.e. the day for transcending the boundary. Today these two auspicious occasions have come together. We all know that our nation is faced with intricate and challenging problems, and it is for us to wake up our latent strength and overcome these problems through our hard work. The different types of problems confronting us have been persisting for a long time now and are taking serious turns. In a democratic polity, when those who are responsible to ensure the security and progress of the nation lack the necessary competence to face up to the task and even their very intentions are questionable, it becomes incumbent upon the samaj to put in its efforts with dedication and valour to overcome the challenges. A cursory glance would suffice to convince us of the enormity of the challenges we are facing. Since every year the nature of such challenges and ways of their resolutions is being discussed in detail on this platform on similar occasions, I would rather deal with them very briefly now.
The economic condition of the nation has an instant and direct bearing on the day-to-day routine and life of the common people. Presently the common people in our country are reeling under the unbearable weight of unending price-rise. Just two years back, loud noises were being made about making our country an economic super-power of the world. But today we are in search of means to arrest the trend of fall in the value of rupee so as to tide over the imminent economic crisis; i.e. fiscal deficit, current account deficit and depleting foreign exchange reserve, and the resultant economic crisis have now become the hot topic of common discourse. Stagnating economic growth, steep rise in foreign debt in comparison to Gross Domestic Product, etc. bear ample testimony to the fact that we are taking our economy in the wrong direction. However, what is more surprising is the refusal of the government to change the course and its continuation with its rigid policies. In the field of production, policies are formulated in such a way to deny the ownership to domestic entrepreneurs and entrust means of production to foreign hands. Small-scale entrepreneurs, small-time industrialists, retail businessmen and others, who contribute the major portion of the national income, are pushed into a difficult situation by our own government, in which they are compelled to compete with foreign entrants on uneven terms. As a result, a big question mark hangs on the future prospects of the domestic entrepreneurs, the self-reliance of the nation, and entrepreneurship of the society. Job
opportunities have come down. The number of people migrating from villages to cities in search of livelihood has increased, and as a result a number of problems have cropped up in cities as well as villages. Whatsoever be the artificial glitter created by the so-called ‘‘progress,’’ from the economic view, this has not at all benefitted the common people and the backward classes. Further, the situation has made life-conditions extremely difficult. Even after the exposure of the rampant corruption at the highest echelons of power, and the full play of public ire and resentment against it through the movements against corruption, the real culprits involved in such acts still roam about freely. And, instead of enacting stringent laws to curb such nefarious practices, the political leadership is bringing in laws that are intrinsically flawed and full of loop- holes.

We have seen the result of the wrong growth pattern hurriedly followed by us with hubris imitating foreign yard – stick, with an eye on votes and notes, turning a blind eye to our national tradition, lifeexperience of thousands of years, environment, aspirations of our common people, their needs and priorities, etc., when nature retaliated with full fury, wreaked terrible destruction and devastation in Uttaranchal recently. If only we develop an indigenous pattern of growth, based on our own genius and in sync with the present times, keeping in mind the positive and negative aspects of modern technology, current world economic systems and trends, we will be able to achieve a growth that, along with bringing its benefits even to the last man in the row, will make us self – reliant, create jobs, improve quality, and ensure equity, justice and freedom from exploitation. And we have to realise that turning our faces away from this reality would only do great harm to the health of our national life.
Remaining firm in this belief we have to force the powers-that-be to take the whole system in the same direction.
Also, with the same view, it is necessary to bring about total transformation in the present educational policy that seeks to commercialise education, not only because the education under this policy is beyond the reach of the common people, but also for the reason that it is quite incapable of fostering good qualities and culture. It seems efforts are being made to invite foreign educational institutions here with an aim to bring the entire educational sector exclusively under their domain by discouraging the ongoing local efforts in this arena. Instead of making it an instrument for equipping and preparing the new generation in every way for building a prosperous nation, if the education sector is treated as a market for international business that bring financial gains, the future of the
nation will be bleak and it will land in a dark abyss. However, it appears that the orientation presently given to the educational sector is incapable of imparting the necessary wisdom to realise this danger. It must be kept in mind that one of the main reasons behind the growth in atrocities against women is lack of nourishment of cultural values.DSC_0018
The provision to impart this culture to the new generation is available in our family system. And with this realisation, our family system is being studied and to some extent emulated all over the world. However, without understanding the significance of this system, attempts are made to turn the inter-personal relationships within the family into some sort of financial dealings, by bringing in unnecessary laws. Even if this is done with some good intentions, it is amply clear that neither any thought has been given nor any study made to assess the importance of our family system from the point of view of social security and social enterprise. The shadow of dark clouds hovering around our national security continues to persist. China continues to test our mettle by frequent incursions across India’s borders, attempts to besiege us by increasing influence in countries in our neighborhood, and dumping their products in our markets. We, on our part, have not been showing the will or the resolve to respond to these threats with firmness and full might. On the contrary, people are not taken into confidence by giving them a complete and factual picture of such serious issues. The statements made by those in responsible positions to dilute the seriousness of such developments, whenever correct information percolates from outside, raise the question of our sensitivity and alertness related to our border security, sovereignty, etc, and that
becomes a matter of concern. It has been proved time and again that Pakistan’s policy is based on its hatred for India. Knowing this very well, why we are pursuing a weak and meek policy that encourages Pakistan’s misadventure is beyond anyone’s comprehension. In the northeast, the neglect and suppression of patriotic people, and abetment and appeasement of separatist terrorist forces and infiltrators for the sake of vote bank politics is continuing unabashed. Neglect of those areas in matters of development continues as in the past. All these years, construction of border roads, development aimed at providing job opportunities for local populace, and introduction of measures to further strengthen and fortify the facilities for border patrolling, have made no satisfactory progress. In view of the scenario created by these problems besetting our defense front, instead of taking measures to promote the interests of the people of Indian origin in Nepal, Tibet, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Myanmar and South-east Asia, and strengthening our bond of love and friendship with those countries, we see the same complacency and duplicity being displayed. In the home-front also, let alone making our defense preparedness fool-proof and self-sufficient, communication system up-to-date, and effecting quantitative increase in defense forces and uplifting their morale, deliberations are on to invite foreign investments in defense production, and one after another, incidents are taking place that adversely affect the morale of our defense forces. As a result, how inimical forces are emboldened to pose challenges to us, both within the country and on the
borders through their misadventures, is amply clear from the havoc wrought both by Pakistan and China through repeated ingressions into our territory, and the incidents like attacking our military camps, as happened at Hiranagar in Jammu. The internal security situation is also very worrisome. Reports of forces propelled by foreign ideologies and receiving all sorts of help from abroad, and who mock at our constitution and legal system through violent means, joining their forces by coming together, have been coming from different parts of the country. It is the exploitation of the common people and their terrible and poor living conditions that prepare the ground for such forces, and, as such, such problems should be addressed and solved immediately. For this, the government and the administration should become more responsive and transparent and mercilessly root out violent activities. However, it seems, the government lacks the necessary will-power to change its lukewarm attitude even now.
The ordinary citizen is fed up with this situation, is angry, and wants a change. However, because of selfish motives, Indian politics enjoys bliss in the vicious circle of vote bank. In such a situation it is the majority Hindu society, traditionally living in this land from time immemorial without any precondition whatsoever that is suffering the most.
Recently shops of Hindu businessmen at Kishtwar in Jammu, where the Hindu population is a meager 15%, were attacked and ransacked by people motivated by communal hatred. Abetted and prompted by the state home minister, who was present there, and in the presence of senior police officers, the loot and destruction went on in a very systematic manner. It was only because of the quick and effective response of the patriotic people living in other parts of the Jammu region the lives of the hapless Hindus could be saved. By compensating the victims in lakhs, who ustained losses worth crores of rupees, the state government seems to be proud that it has discharged its duty. Also need was never felt to take stringent action against the perpetrators and the zealots who hatched the criminal conspiracy. Mind you, this is the very same Jammu and Kashmir state whose Chief Minister recently told a European delegations visiting the state that accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India was only conditional and not absolute merger. What he said clearly indicates the mindset of the forces active in politics there, who, while remaining in power, play all sorts of illegal deceptive tricks to banish those who are committed to India’s unity and integrity and consider the state as an integral part of India, from the whole of Jammu-Ladak-Kashmir region. The project to rehabilitate remorseful former militants desirous of returning to the valley itself is quite strange, because the safe and honorable rehabilitation of the millions of Hindus of kashmir valley, and complete re-establishment of people displaced from Pak occupied kashmir and other places because of at least four invasions of Pakistan is still pending. Now, instead of allowing the former militants to come under proper procedure through the two prefixed routes, bringing thousands of such people hurriedly in a clandestine manner through a third route, i.e. through the Nepal border, seems to be part of a plan to make the demographic imbalance more acute. In Jammu region they want to start with Doda, Kisthwar, Poonch and Rajauri. This is a conspiracy to increase the numbers of those who could be made its part, including Bangladeshis and Rohingyas, and to reduce the number of patriotic people
through threats and terrorists acts. The recent happenings in Kisthwar are only its part. Unfortunately, the politics played by the centre during the last decade has only strengthened the nerves of such people.
The recent happening at Mujaffarnagar in Uttar Pradesh are yet another example of the crooked politics detrimental to national interests, in which, blinded by the craze for power, the national and
patriotic forces were suppressed. Unilateral and one-sided atrocities committed by the lumpen elements of a particular religious community were not only ignored by the government, which was busy with the balancing act, but were also encouraged and protected. Even before the elections were conducted in the state, putting the law and constitution on the back-burner, competition was on between politicians to appease the so-called minority vote. After coming to power, at the instance of the ruling party, an I.A.S. Officer was suspended for the “offence” of discharging duties staying within the limits of power accorded by law. Whipping up an unsavoury controversy by imposing a ban on the totally peaceful and lawful Ayodhya Parikrama, the game stoking the flames of communal feelings in the cover of secularism was kick started. Such biased and anti-people policies resulted in a severe
public outburst, and to control that the Government became indecisive and was totally paralysed. Even now, instead of facing the truth, efforts are made to shift the entire blame on the Hindu society and those who showed the courage to tell the truth, with the help of the section of the media. The communal, intolerant and terrorist forces behind all such atrocious acts, and the elements that hobnob with them and provide them strength, stand exposed through the gory incidents of manslaughter that took place from the mall at Nairobi to the church at Peshavar. But our politicians, blinded by their greed for power, are quite unable to see this truth, which is as bright as daylight.
Further proof of extreme selfishness prevalent in our political system has come before the public in
a very con spicuous manner. Unfortunately, those who are at the helm of affairs in the government, and who have a solemn commitment to treat all citizens on an equal footing, are treating Hindus with discrimination in thoughts, words and deeds and blatantly appeasing and pampering the so called minorities. The recent missive sent by the Union Home Minister directing the state governments to go soft on the youths belonging to the so-called minority community, and the way in which killings of Hindu leaders by the fundamentalist elements in Tamilnadu were handled with total disdain and the disinterest shown in the investigation of the said cases, compel us to say that the orientation of the politics is not to unite and integrate the whole society.
The practice of heaping insults on the Hindu society continues shamelessly and because of this mindset, attempts were made to bring in a totally unlawful legislation under the name Prevention of
Communal and Targeted Violence bill – 2011. Provisions were made to accord reservation on communal basis. Now, the people who squandered tax-payers money on such partisan projects and corruption were eyeing the gold deposits at Hindu temples to fill the empty government coffers. The people wielding power at the centre, who view with contempt matters like the dignity of the citizens, environmental protection, security of maritime boundaries, preservation of natural valuable resources like thorium, livelihood of coastal population, etc., because of their craze for power, are hell-bent on going ahead with the Sethusamudram project, destroying the Ramasetu, throwing into the dustbin the recommendations of the very committee appointed by them.
The conditions prevalent in the nation have a direct bearing on the life of the entire population. We,
who elect the political parties and leaders as our rulers, are all ordinary people. So, we have to discuss
about any given situation not to get scared, but for finding the solution. Fortunately for us, a major
segment of our population comprises youths who are full of vigour, conviction, and expectations and
pure at heart. Hence, any genuine and united efforts will certainly bear fruit.
From this point of view, we have an immediate though temporary responsibility before us. In
democracy elections may be a matter of politics for contestants but for us common citizens it is an
opportunity to perform our mandatory democratic duty. Voters will have an opportunity to elect their
representatives in the near future. We have a large number of new and young voters. So as to
discharge our responsibility as voters, first and foremost, we have to ensure that our names properly
figure in the voters list. 100 per cent polling will make democracy healthier. We have to minutely
evaluate the policies of contending political parties as also the character of the candidates while
exercising our franchise. We should never fall prey to any form of deceptive propaganda or stratagem;
neither should we allow ourselves to be carried away by cheap emotions or narrow-minded
considerations. Our voting should be based purely on issues, to the parties who follow policies that
serve our national interests and to the capable candidates who have integrity. Giving up complacency,
we have to actively cooperate with all efforts that are being made in this direction, as well as the
electoral process and the concerned individuals.
But our duty does not end just by voting and transferring the whole responsibility on the shoulders
of elected persons. Any attempt at bettering strength and reformation should invariably start with our
own personal life. Augmenting our physical, mental and intellectual strength should become part of
our daily routine. We have to acquire knowledge about the real history of our nation, its greatness, and
its present condition from authentic and unbiased sources. And regarding the future of the nation, we
have to emulate the thoughts of great men of sacrifice and selflessness, and have to imitate the way
they discharged their duties, which is nothing but practical guidance for us. Let us make a solemn
resolve that we would earn fame and success by increasing our efficiency through strenuous efforts
and use them not to serve personal selfish ends, but for the benefit of society, humanitarianism and
service. On this sacred day, let us take a solemn pledge to transcend all narrow personal limitations
and to heartily worship God in the form of our Rashtra, dedicating everything to it. And let us also
make a commitment to wisely participate in all activities for the good of society and work with others
without any selfish motive.
Even as the Government and administration have a responsibility to maintain the rule of law,
society has an equal responsibility to be emphatic about voluntarily observing the law in day to day
life. And from here starts the flow of corruption free pure and serene social life. In a democratic set up,
the right to agitate staying within the framework of the constitution is the prerogative and means of the
people to demand repeal of unjust and misconceived laws. And, at the same time, the people also have
their own civic duties to discharge and the responsibility to abide by the laws of the land. And it is for
every one of us to start with our own lives and set a perfect example in such matters.
According to Indian view, family, the smallest unit of our social system, is, in fact, the microcosmic
form of the society. So whatever reforms we aim at should begin with bringing about the required
changes in the behaviour and climate in our own family. Simplicity, truthfulness, purity, sanctity, love,
etc. should be discernible in our family life. We have to ensure that women in our family are socially
enlightened and active. In matters like conservation of water, electricity and other means of energy,
environmental security, swadeshi habit, and treating those who come into contact with our family for
various reasons with love, affection, respect and equity, etc, our family should be a perfect example.
Everyone in the family should be free of feeling of high and low of birth, bad manners, superposition;
and free of any discrimination in the name of caste, religion, political ideology, language, province,
and their thoughts, acts and behaviour should be harmonious and egoless. Remaining sensitive to and
actively sharing the happiness and sorrow of neighbours, our family should be an exemplar in social
By actively addressing the social aspects, can’t we put an end to this centuries old evil of heresy,
hypocrisy and discrimination? Can’t we throw open our centers of worship, sources of water, and
crematoriums to all Hindus so as to enable Hindus to make a new beginning of harmonious life? This
is the only means to bring the whole society on the side of Sad-dharma and good deeds, and string
them together with the thread of ‘Bharat Bhakthi’. Also, there is no other way to bring about necessary
changes in the policies and system of the nation and to keep it healthy. To provide living examples of
such lofty behaviour in every village, colony, lane and by-lane is the only means to accelerate the
process of social change.
It goes without saying that in all matters and discharging of responsibilities dealt with above, the
Swayamsevaks should be naturally there before the society as the role-model. Because it is with the
aim of bringing the society to an active, harmonious and organised state Rashtriya Swayamsevak
Sangh has been striving for the last 88 years.
Swami Vivekananda, whose 150th birth anniversary celebrations are coming to an end shortly, had
also envisaged the very same means to rejuvenate our nation. He has made it clear to the society that
only through the youths, who are ready to renounce everything for the service of the nation and
become perfect examples themselves by attaining pure character, selfless mind and discrimination,
with body as strong as a Vajra and an heart infused with indomitable enthusiasm and love, to
consecrate our sacred Bharatmata on the throne of Vishva Guru.
^^mfÙk”Br] tkxzr] çkI; ojkfUucks/kr**
“Arise Awake and stop not till the goal is reached…”
AAHkkjekrk dh t;AA

Christianizing Hindu Festivals : Breaking India_ Part 1

….In 2009 St.Baselieus Church, Kottayam claimed that Vijayadasami festival had a Christian historical background, because that is when Jehovah enlightened Jesus with Knowledge.

In this Christianized version, Saraswati and Lakshmi, the goddess of wisdom and wealth, respectively, have been replaced by the Christian saints Paul and Sebastian.

The clergy further claimed that the festival Maha Sivaratri (the great night of Siva) was the corrupted version of Messiah Night, which was the day when Jesus wanted his disciples to keep eternal vigil.

( Part 2_ Aggressive evangelism, Denigration of Indian Culture : Breaking India ….. & Part 3_ Islamic Tint in the Secular Lens : Breaking India )

Hindu, Christianity, Christian friends, Coimbatore District, Twitter Conversations,Christianizing Hindu Festivals, Christianizing Sabarimala, rajiv malhotra, Is India Breaking
We will have to be clear about few things before starting with this Blog. I am a no hater of Christianity. I respect all the religions and I am proud of being a Hindu. I always had respect for Christianity because I personally had many good stories with the religion. First thing being my mother who is a deaf and dumb was specially educated in a Christian institution at Chennai and was taken good care by Christian sisters. My mother always used to tell me how she liked the place and she has got high respect for Christianity. Even my grandfather who is my mentor has got so much respect for the religion because he had told me many the times that he was able to sense the godly service which they had rendered to my mother.

More than that, we had neighbors who were Christians for more than 15 years and we were living without any differences. I also had many Christian friends from my childhood days and never encountered any problems with them as well.

Also, through the Foundation we run, we helped many Christian orphanages in Coimbatore District without any issues. One important lady who came in my life is Sister.Pushpa who is a care taker of this place called “Sharanalaya Home for Prisoner’s Children” a church backed Christian organization. Her service to the society is undoubtedly priceless and I always admire her.

These things might seem to be unrelated; but are important at the first instance to ensure that I do not have any agenda against Christianity or beloved Christian friends. But as most of the Christians would also agree; Conversions are a black mark to Christianity.

I had been encountering many lively cases at recent times and was always against this practice. I felt embarrassed and irritated when I encountered conversion activities at few of the orphanages in Coimbatore. The agenda seems to be clear and set which is being supported from the highest power circles of the country.

It was during one of the Twitter Conversations sometime back in October 2011 my good friend Mr. Kiran (@KiranKS) had Retweeted one of my Tweet regards to this Conversion. And I got a message from Mr.Subramanian (@subramanianaras) that I should definitely read this book called “Breaking India” written by Mr.Rajiv Malhotra & Mr.Aravindan Neelakandan. He insisted me that it is the need of the hour to read this book to know about the History of India and various foreign elements which are trying day and night to destabilize the cultural harmony of India. He also insisted me that I spread words to my friends to read this book.

I had ordered the book the same day on the Flipkart website & started to read this book in the first week of November 2011 and finally completed reading sometime in February 2012. I’ve now penned an extensive article based on certain important facts from this book. The untouched part is what the nationalist Indians should do to prevent foreign elements entering our Society and divide the people on the basis of religion.

India ever since the ancient days is acquainted with its USP “Unity in Diversity” globally. The people of India developed tremendous acceptability to various languages, religion, culture and ethnicity. Indian consisted of 2378 main castes and tribes (with sub-castes), and 43 races as per the influential Imperial Gazetteer of India in 1901 census.

It was since the Mughal days the cultural cleansing of Indian identity had started and to be frank they were successful in dividing the Indians and had boasted threat to the identity of India. Mainly as soon as the British entered India, Christianization has started in a rampant phase in all walks of Indian identity and livelihood.

This blog is a consolidation of some important excerpts from the book “Breaking India” which every patriotic Indian should be aware about. It is difficult to make everyone read this book Breaking India in today’s busy & mechanical life. But, this is my small little contribution to the society. I wish friends who cannot afford time to read the book to read this Blog and develop interest in reading this book. I would further state it as an important duty for every patriotic Indian to spread word about this book to prevent mother India from exploitation of various foreign elements.

The importance of this Book/Blog would be felt only after reading it entirely. Also, it would make one give a rational thought on how little he/she can contribute to protect the Indian identity.

For example, we all eat Cadbury chocolates but how many of us know that Cadbury used to sponsor foreign elements who are trying to de-stabilize India? Culturally? Religiously? Isn’t it hypocrisy that we help Cadbury to make profits and in return the Cadbury is funding Anti-Indian elements to destabilize our Country? How many of us know that Cadbury has sponsored a disputed and controversial study by a Christian organization on caste discrimination among the Indian Diaspora in the UK? And, more?

Similarly, we all know about Harvard University and it is a dream for millions across the world to get into Harvard. But how many of us know that a project called “South Asia Residual Vocabulary Assemblage (SARVA)” carried out by Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies at Harvard University is the one to destabilize India based on caste, creed and religion?

More than all; shouldn’t we bothered if evangelical Christians claim that Sabarimala (holy place of worship of Hindus in Kerala) is their place of worship which got adulterated later by the Hindus?

It is not that we are going to start an immediate campaign against Cadbury or Harvard University; in that case there are hundreds and thousands of institutions and groups that can be identified which has an agenda to destabilize India. To fight each of them is definitely an impossible task.

The need of the hour is to be aware of all these foreign elements that are funded, supported, motivated and induced by vested interests to ruin the Indian identity. We should try to keep away from these elements. That could be the least one could do on his/her personal capacity.

From here on we shall see how Christianization is getting support in flow from various power circles of the world and especially in India. Nobody has a problem if someone follows Christianity. But isn’t it an issue when there are foreign elements which try to evangelize the country for various personal benefits and long term agenda? The blog has important excerpts on various different topics from the book “Breaking India”.

Christianizing Hindu Festivals : Christianization of Hindu festivals has started before the centuries. But to be specific Navaratri is a festival worshipping the divine Mother Goddess for nine continuous nights. The tenth day marks an important south Indian Hindu tradition known as Vijayadasami (called Dussehra in North India). This is an auspicious day for Hindus in South India to initiate their children into literacy.

Now, Christians have also started initiating their children into literacy this day. In 2008 a parallel function was organized to imitate the Hindu rituals within the Christian context. While the Hindu children wrote ‘Hare Sree Ganapathaye Namaha’, Christians wrote words in the praise of Jesus Christ. There was a good turnout for the ceremony. Children wrote words like ‘Yeshu Daivam’ (Jesus God) in a place of rice grains.

This success encouraged the clergy of St.Baselieus Church at Kottayam, a prominent Kerala town, to go even further. In 2009 they claimed that Vijayadasami festival had a Christian historical background, because that is when Jehovah enlightened Jesus with Knowledge.

In this Christianized version, Saraswati and Lakshmi, the goddess of wisdom and wealth, respectively, have been replaced by the Christian saints Paul and Sebastian. The clergy further claimed that the festival Maha Sivaratri (the great night of Siva) was the corrupted version of Messiah Night, which was the day when Jesus wanted his disciples to keep eternal vigil. These are examples of the manner in which Hindu festivals are being steadily Christianized in South India as the St.Thomas mythology becomes entrenched.

Christianizing Sabarimala :

Not with this, Christians have started claiming possession over various famous and popular Hindu temples. In a very famous Hindu pilgrimage center (Sabarimala) in the forests of Kerala, a Catholic priest proclaimed that his parish had unearthed a stone cross established by Thomas in 57 CE. The location was close to the ancient Mahadeva temple at Nilakkal, in the sacred eighteen hills of the deity of Sabarimala. Soon, a church with a five-foot granite cross was erected and consecrated by top Catholic clergy, and daily prayers were started.

Behind China’s Hindu temples, a forgotten history

Anil Vartak

Behind China’s Hindu temples, a forgotten history

Ananth Krishnan

A panel of inscriptions of the God Narasimha adorns the entrance to the main shrine of the temple, believed to have been installed by Tamil traders who lived in Quanzhou in the 13th century. Photo: Ananth Krishnan
The Hindu A panel of inscriptions of the God Narasimha adorns the entrance to the main shrine of the temple, believed to have been installed by Tamil traders who lived in Quanzhou in the 13th century. Photo: Ananth Krishnan
Li San Long, a resident of Chedian village, offers prayers at the village shrine, which houses a deity that is believed to be one of the goddesses that the Tamil community in Quanzhou worshipped in the 13th century. (Right) A stone elephant inscription on display at the Quanzhou Maritime Museum. Photo: Ananth Krishnan
The Hindu Li San Long, a resident of Chedian village, offers prayers at the village shrine, which houses a deity that is believed to be one of the goddesses that the Tamil community in Quanzhou worshipped in the 13th century.

In and around Quanzhou, a bustling industrial city, there are shrines that historians believe may have been part of a network of more than a dozen Hindu temples and shrines

For the residents of Chedian, a few thousand-year-old village of muddy by-lanes and old stone courtyard houses, she is just another form of Guanyin, the female Bodhisattva who is venerated in many parts of China.

But the goddess that the residents of this village pray to every morning, as they light incense sticks and chant prayers, is quite unlike any deity one might find elsewhere in China. Sitting cross-legged, the four-armed goddess smiles benignly, flanked by two attendants, with an apparently vanquished demon lying at her feet.

Local scholars are still unsure about her identity, but what they do know is that this shrine’s unique roots lie not in China, but in far away south India. The deity, they say, was either brought to Quanzhou — a thriving port city that was at the centre of the region’s maritime commerce a few centuries ago — by Tamil traders who worked here some 800 years ago, or perhaps more likely, crafted by local sculptors at their behest.

“This is possibly the only temple in China where we are still praying to a Hindu God,” says Li San Long, a Chedian resident, with a smile.

“Even though most of the villagers still think she is Guanyin!” Mr. Li said the village temple collapsed some 500 years ago, but villagers dug through the rubble, saved the deity and rebuilt the temple, believing that the goddess brought them good fortune — a belief that some, at least, still adhere to.

The Chedian shrine is just one of what historians believe may have been a network of more than a dozen Hindu temples or shrines, including two grand big temples, built in Quanzhou and surrounding villages by a community of Tamil traders who lived here during the Song (960-1279) and Yuan (1279-1368) dynasties.

At the time, this port city was among the busiest in the world and was a thriving centre of regional maritime commerce.

The history of Quanzhou’s temples and Tamil links was largely forgotten until the 1930s, when dozens of stones showing perfectly rendered images of the god Narasimha — the man-lion avatar of Vishnu — were unearthed by a Quanzhou archaeologist called Wu Wenliang. Elephant statues and images narrating mythological stories related to Vishnu and Shiva were also found, bearing a style and pattern that was almost identical to what was evident in the temples of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh from a similar period.

Wu’s discoveries received little attention at the time as his country was slowly emerging from the turmoil of the Japanese occupation, the Second World War and the civil war. It took more than a decade after the Communists came to power in 1949 for the stones and statues to even be placed in a museum, known today as the Quanzhou Maritime Museum.

“It is difficult to say how many temples there were, and how many were destroyed or fell to ruin,” the museum’s vice curator Wang Liming told The Hindu. “But we have found them spread across so many different sites that we are very possibly talking about many temples that were built across Quanzhou.”

Today, most of the sculptures and statues are on display in the museum, which also showcases a map that leaves little doubt about the remarkable spread of the discoveries. The sites stretch across more than a dozen locations located all over the city and in the surrounding county. The most recent discoveries were made in the 1980s, and it is possible, says Ms. Wang, that there are old sites yet to be discovered.

The Maritime Museum has now opened a special exhibit showcasing Quanzhou’s south Indian links. Ms. Wang says there is a renewed interest — and financial backing — from the local government to do more to showcase what she describes as the city’s “1000-year-old history with south India,” which has been largely forgotten, not only in China but also in India.

“There is still a lot we don’t know about this period,” she says, “so if we can get any help from Indian scholars, we would really welcome it as this is something we need to study together. Most of the stones come from the 13th century Yuan Dynasty, which developed close trade links with the kingdoms of southern India. We believe that the designs were brought by the traders, but the work was probably done by Chinese workers.”

Ms. Wang says the earliest record of an Indian residing in Quanzhou dates back to the 6th century. An inscription found on the Yanfu temple from the Song Dynasty describes how the monk Gunaratna, known in China as Liang Putong, translated sutras from Sanskrit. Trade particularly flourished in the 13th century Yuan Dynasty. In 1271, a visiting Italian merchant recorded that the Indian traders “were recognised easily.”

“These rich Indian men and women mainly live on vegetables, milk and rice,” he wrote, unlike the Chinese “who eat meat and fish.” The most striking legacy of this period of history is still on public display in a hidden corner of the 7th century Kaiyuan Buddhist Temple, which is today Quanzhou’s biggest temple and is located in the centre of the old town. A popular attraction for Chinese Buddhists, the temple receives a few thousand visitors every day. In a corner behind the temple, there are at least half a dozen pillars displaying an extraordinary variety of inscriptions from Hindu mythology. A panel of inscriptions depicting the god Narasimha also adorns the steps leading up to the main shrine, which houses a Buddha statue. Huang Yishan, a temple caretaker whose family has, for generations, owned the land on which the temple was built, says the inscriptions are perhaps the most unique part of the temple, although he laments that most of his compatriots are unaware of this chapter of history. On a recent afternoon, as a stream of visitors walked up the steps to offer incense sticks as they prayed to Buddha, none spared a glance at the panel of inscriptions. Other indicators from Quanzhou’s rich but forgotten past lie scattered through what is now a modern and bustling industrial city, albeit a town that today lies in the shadow of the provincial capital Xiamen and the more prosperous port city of Guangzhou to the far south.

A few kilometres from the Kaiyuan temple stands a striking several metre-high Shiva lingam in the centre of the popular Bamboo Stone Park. To the city’s residents, however, the lingam is merely known as a rather unusually shaped “bamboo stone,” another symbol of history that still stays hidden in plain sight.